When choosing nutriiton for VLBW babies complications have costA 100% human milk-based diet can increase survival1 and reduce the overall cost of care for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants between 500 and 1250 g.2

Download the resource to learn how Prolacta Bioscience’s line of products help maintain an exclusive human milk diet and decrease costly complications associated with the intake of cow milk-based products.2

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An exclusive human milk diet, with Prolacta, can reduce hospital costs for VLBW infants

Despite the added cost of donor human milk and donor milk-derived fortifier, an EHMD is cost effective.17



Save $27,388 in total cost of hospitalization per infant on Prolacta

REFERENCES: 1. Abrams SA, Schanler RJ, Lee ML, Rechtman DJ. Greater mortality and morbidity in extremely preterm infants fed a diet containing cow milk protein products. Breastfeed Med. 2014;9(6):281-285. 2. Hair AB, Peluso AM, Hawthorne KM, et al. Beyond necrotizing enterocolitis prevention: improving outcomes with an exclusive human milk–based diet. Breastfeed Med. 2016;11(2):70-74. 3. Ganapathy V, Hay JW, Kim JH. Costs of necrotizing enterocolitis and cost-effectiveness of exclusively human milk-based products in feeding extremely premature infants. Breastfeed Med. 2012;7(1):29-37. 4. Johnson TJ, Patel AL, Bigger HR, Engstrom JL, Meier PP. Economic benefits and costs of human milk feedings: a strategy to reduce the risk of prematurity related morbidities in very low birth weight infants. Adv Nutr 2014; 5:207-212. 5. Hamilton BE, Martin JA, Osterman MJ, M.H.S., Division of Vital Statistics. Births: Preliminary Data for 2015. National Vital Statistics Reports. 2016;65 (3): 1-15. 6. Johnson TJ, Patel AL, Jegier BJ, Engstrom JL, Meier PP. Cost of Morbidities in Very Low Birth Weight Infants. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2013;162(2). doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.07.013. 7. Black L, Hulsey T, Lee K, Parks DC, Ebeling MD. Incremental hospital costs associated with comorbidities of prematurity. Manag Care. 2015;24(12):54-60. 8. Turck CJ, Marsh W, Stevenson JG, York JM, Miller H, Patel S. Pharmacoeconomics of surgical interventions vs. cyclooxygenase inhibitors for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2007;12(3):183-193. 9. Edwards TM, Spatz DL. Making the case for using donor human milk in vulnerable infants. Adv Neonatal Care. 2012;12(5):273-278. 10. Muraskas J, Parsi K. The cost of saving the tiniest lives: NICUs versus prevention. Virtual Mentor. 2008;10(10):655-658. 11. American Academy of Pediatrics. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk: section on breastfeeding. [published online ahead of print February 27, 2012]. Pediatrics. 2012;129(3):e827-e841. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-3552. 12. Hair AB, Hawthorne KM, Chetta KE, Abrams SA. Humanmilk feeding supports adequate growth in infants ≤1250 grams birth weight. BMC Res Notes. 2013;6:459. 13. Rochow N, Raja P, Liu K, et al. Physiological adjustment to postnatal growth trajectories in healthy preterm infants. Pediatric Research. 2016;79(6):870-879. doi:10.1038/pr.2016.15. 14. Sullivan S, Schanler RJ, Kim JH, et al. An exclusively human milk-based diet is associated with a lower rate of necrotizing enterocolitis than a diet of human milk and bovine milk-based products. J Pediatr. 2010;156(4):562-567. 15. Cristofalo EA, Schanler RJ, Blanco CL, et al. Randomized Trial of Exclusive Human Milk versus Preterm Formula Diets in Extremely Premature Infants. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2013;163(6). doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.07.011. 16. Lee ML, Rechtman DJ, Lucas A. The effect of an exclusive human milk (EHMD) diet on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in the US: an epidemiological evaluation. Poster presented at: 2nd International Neonatology Association Conference; July 2016; Vienna, Austria. 17. Assad M, Elliott MJ, Abraham JH. Decreased cost and improved feeding tolerance in VLBW infants fed an exclusive human milk diet. J Perinatol. 2016;36(3):216-220.